Group Members & Collaborators

Dr Adam A. Stokes
Postdoctoral Fellows
Postgraduate Students
Undergraduate Students
Visiting Students
Local Collaborators
International Collaborators

Principal Investigator

Dr Adam A. Stokes, BEng (hons), MSc (R), PhD, MIET, MYAS


Dr Stokes is a Lecturer in the Institute for Micro and Nano Systems (IMNS) and the Institute for Bioengineering (IBioE), at The University of Edinburgh; where he is the Programme Director for the MSc in Bioelectronics and Biosensors. He teaches MSc and Honours courses ranging from Computer Organisation and Architecture, to Bioelectronics, Biosensors, and Lab-On-A-Chip. Dr Stokes's research interests include: robotics, physical chemistry, electrical engineering, materials science, nanotechnology, optics, proteomics, and cell biology. He holds degrees in engineering, biomedical science, and chemistry. Before joining the faculty at Edinburgh he was a Fellow in the George M. Whitesides group at Harvard University. He holds a prestigious appointment as a Member of The Royal Society of Edinburgh's Young Academy. Dr Stokes is PI of the Stokes Research Group, an interdisciplinary research laboratory at The University of Edinburgh.

Short Biography

BEng (Hons), Electronics and Electrical Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, 2002-2006
MSc (R), Biomedical Science, The University of Glasgow, 2006-2007
PhD, Chemistry/Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, 2007-2010

Industrial Scholarship, Advanced Process Technology Development, National Semiconductor UK, 2002-2006
RASOR PhD Scholarship, Doctoral Training Centre in Cell and Proteomic Technologies, 2006-2010
Fellow, George M. Whitesides' Research Group, Harvard University, 2010-2012

Member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Young Academy of Scotland, 2014
Member of The Scottish Crucible, Royal Society of Edinburgh, 2013
Member of Scotland Can Do Scale, 2015

Member of the Exploratory Measurement Science Group, 2006
Member of the Institute of Engineering and Technology, 2006
Member of the Institute of Electrical Engineers, 2004
Member of the American Physical Society, 2012
Member of the American Mass Spectrometry Society, 2006
Member of the British Mass Spectrometry Society, 2006
Associate Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry, 2012

Postdoctoral Research Fellows

We are currently advertising for a post-doctoral position in Thermo Mechanical Engineering, please search the vaccancies at!

Postgraduate Students - Stokes Principal Supervisor

Markus Nemitz, PhD Candidate, 2014-present


Electronics Technician, ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG, GER, 2009-2012
BEng in Electrical Engineering, Bochum University of Applied Sciences, GER, 2009-2012
MSc in Electronics, The University of Edinburgh, 2013-2014
PhD, Physics/Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, The University of Glasgow, 2014-2018
Industrial Scholarship (Dual Studies), ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG, GER
PhD Scholarship, Doctoral Training Centre in Integrative Sensing and Measurement, 2014-2018

Ross McKenzie, PhD Candidate, 2015-present


MPhys in Physics, The University of Edinburgh, 2010-2015
PhD Scholarship, Doctoral Training Centre in Robotics and Autonomous Systems

Lijun Teng, PhD Candidate, 2015-present


MSc in Electronics, The University of Edinburgh, 2014-2015
Lijun is mainly interested in robotics and stretchable electronic systems. She is now working on the design of new flexible, and stretchable electronic and multidomain integrated systemss. This technology promises to expand the design space for engineers and will allow them to create unique, multifunctional, multidomain structures and highly integrated devices.
Previously, Lijun worked on the optimisation of a DPSS laser system which is able to engrave a large range of materials in micron dimensions.

Stephen Mahon, PhD Candidate, 2016-present


PhD in Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, 2016 – present.

MSc by research in Physics, National University of Ireland, Cork, 2015 – 2016.

BSc in Chemical Physics, National University of Ireland, Cork, 2011 – 2015.

Stephen is mainly interested in the development of low-cost integrated microsystems for chemical analysis. The key to doing this lies in using soft microfluidic systems and readily available technologies to multiplex data analysis. Using his expertise in Physics and Chemistry, Stephen creates new science with lab-on-a-chip platforms. Now he is working on a modular, multi experiment design for lab-on-a-chip that combines microfluidics, optics, electronics, software andscience. This technology shows promise in designing experiments, allowing researcher to create unique, multifunctional, integrated experiments.

Previously, Stephen worked on using gain-switched optical frequency comb sources in cavity enhanced absorption spectroscopy for trace gas detection.

Mohammed Mohammed, PhD Candidate, 2016-present


BSc in Electrical Engineering, American University of Sharjah, 2011-2015

MSc in Bioelectronics and Biosensors, University of Edinburgh, 2015-2016

PhD in Biomedical Engineering, University of Edinburgh, 2016-2020

Jamie Owen Roberts, PhD Candidate, 2016-present


MEng in Mechanical Engineering, Heriot Watt University, 2011-2016

MSc in Robotics and Autonomous Systems, University of Edinburgh, 2016-2017

PhD Scholarship, Doctoral Training Centre in Robotics and Autonomous Systems

Jennifer Dodoo, PhD Candidate, 2016-present


Jennifer’s research interests evolve around Label-Free Biosensing, Electrohydrodynamics, and Microsquare Nanoband Edge Electrodes (MNEE). She is a member of the CDT for Integrative Sensing and Measurement (CDT-ISM) and works closely with the company NanoFlex on a joint research project. She obtained a BSc in Physics from the University of St Andrews in 2014 and gained research experience during an internship at the German Electron Synchrotron (DESY) in Hamburg in 2014/15. Jennifer is passionate about STEM outreach and is a member of the School of Engineering’s Equality and Diversity Committee.

Twitter: @ScientificDodo


Postgraduate Students - Stokes Co-Supervisor

Alistair C. McConnell, PhD Candidate, 2013-present


Principal Supervisor - Dr Patricia Vargas
My main areas of interest are rehabilitation robotics and human-robot interaction. These areas interlink perfectly, and in my work I endeavour to further these links by creating rehabilitation devices. The aim of the devices is to help patients' recovery by using both a physical mechanism that aids in controlled motion and a virtual support system for creating goals and increasing motivation. This work is undertaken as a collaboration between Heriot Watt University and The University of Edinburgh under the supervision of Dr Patricia Vargas and Dr Adam Stokes.
E-mail: acm9 (at)

Dylan Ross, PhD Candidate, 2013-present


Principal Supervisor - Prof Barbara Webb
Dylan is a PhD student working on the MINIMAL project, he is studying the learning behaviour and motor control of drosophila larvae.

Tianqi Wei, PhD Candidate, 2014-present


Principal Supervisor - Prof Barbara Webb
Tianqi Wei is mainly interested in robotics and neural networks. He is now working on the design of a robot that mimics Drosophila larvae, and the integration of neural network algorithms to the robot. The research is under supervision of Dr Barbara Webb and Dr Adam Stokes.
Previously, Tianqi worked on The Centipede Robot and The Four-wing Ornithopter, and had a short-term research project on a lunar robot. He also has keen interests in Astrophysics and Biology.

B.E., Mechatronical Engineering, School of Mechatronical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Sep. 2009 to Jun. 2013

Derek Chun, PhD Candidate, 2016-present


MEng in Automotive Engineering, Loughborough University, 2004-2009

MSc in Robotics and Autonomous Systems, Heriot-Watt University 2015-2016

Derek is mainly interested in multi-domain dynamic simulation of soft robots. He is now working on an energy based control system with a thermodynamics approach. The framework aims to place simulation into a key part of the soft robot design process which could potentially reduce development time and costs.

Giulia Deiana, PhD Candidate, 2016-present


MEng Computer Science, University College London, 2011-2015
MSc Bioelectronics and Biosensors, University of Edinburgh, 2015-Present
Mainly interested in biosensors and drug delivery technologies for the detection, monitoring and management of chronic diseases.

Ahmed Ebied, PhD Candidate, 2015-present


Principal Supervisor - Javier Escudero

Anthony Buchoux, PhD Candidate, 2012-present


Principal Supervisor - Stewart Smith

MSc Postgraduate Students

Tao Jiang, MSc Student, 2017-present


Hang Xue, MSc Student, 2017-present


Alexander Martirosian, MSc Student, 2017-present


Undergraduate Students

Tobias Wickert, BEng(hons) 2016-17


Shuai Zeng, BEng(hons) 2016-17


Visiting Students

Nicola Secciani, University of Firenze, Italy, Spring/Summer 2016

ERASMUS Exchange Student 2016

Barbara Leikam, Biomedical Engineering, University of Applied Science Ratisbona, Germany, Spring 2015


ERASMUS Exchange Student 2015
University of Applied Science Ratisbona (Germany), Bachelor of Science: Biomedical Engineering 2012-Present
University of Applied Science Weiden (Germany), Bachelor of Engineering: Medical Engineering 2010-12

Kayla Andersen, Mechanical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, USA, Spring 2015


Kayla Andersen is a visiting undergraduate student from Case Western Reserve University. She is studying Mechanical Engineering, and she researches in Dr. Quinn's Biologically Inspired Robotics Lab when at Case. She also the excavation team lead for CWRU's Robotic's Team, which is designing a Martian mining rover for the NASA Robotic Mining Competition.

Tao Liang, School of Pharmacy, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Spring 2015


Tao Liang is a graduate student in Prof. Goodlett's lab in the School of Pharmacy at The University of Maryland, Baltimore, where he is pursuing his Ph.D degree. Currently he is mainly interested in the integration of Digital Microfluidics (DMF) with Surface Acoustic Wave Nebulization(SAWN) platforms for mass spectrometry studies, such as extracting lipid A from real clinical bacterial sample by using a hybrid DMF-SAWN device. He is also interested in the structural analysis of lipids by using tandem mass spectrometry.

Onur Zhilri, Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Sabanci University, Turkey, Summer 2014


BS, Electronics Engineering, Sabanci University, Turkey, 2011-2016

Ekin Sehit, Sabanci University, Turkey, Summer 2015


Hande Eyisoylu, Sabanci University, Turkey, Summer 2015


Local Academic Collaborators

Robotics, Robotarium, EDU-RAS, and MINIMAL

Professor David Lane, Director of EDU-RAS.
Professor Sethu Vijayakumar, Director of IPAB.
Professor Barbara Webb, Professor of Biorobots.
Dr Subramanian Ramamoorthy, Reader in Autonomous Robotic Systems.
Dr Patricia Vargas, Director of the Robotics Laboratory at Heriot-Watt
Dr Wee Lam, Consultant Surgeon Royal Hospital for Sick Children.

School of Chemistry, SIRCAMS, and The Mass Spectrometry Facility

Dr Pat Langridge-Smith, Director of the Scottish Instrumentation and Resource Centre for Advanced Mass Spectrometry, SIRCAMS.
Dr Logan Mackay, Manager of The Mass Spectrometry Facility.
Dr David J Clarke, Chancellor's Fellow and Group Leader in Biomolecular Mass Spectrometry.
Dr Colin Campbell, Senior Lecturer in Medicinal and Biological Chemistry.


Professor Alistair Elfick, Director of the Centre for Biomedical Engineering.
Dr Louise Horsfall, Lecturer in Biotechnology.
Dr Jon Marles-Wright, Chancellors Fellow in Structural and Synthetic Biology.

Scottish Microelectronics Centre

Professor Anthony Walton, Professor of Microelectronic Manufacturing.
Dr Stewart Smith, Lecturer in Electronics and Electrical Engineering.
Dr Philip Hands, Chancellor's Fellow in Integrated Micro and Nano Systems.

The Royal Hospital for Sick Children

Dr Wee Lam, Consultant Surgeon.

International Academic Collaborators

Prof. Edwin Olson, Associate Professor at University of Michigan. He is the director of the APRIL robotics lab, which studies Autonomy, Perception, Robotics, Interfaces, and Learning. His active research projects include applications to explosive ordinance disposal, search and rescue, multi-robot communication, railway safety, and automobile autonomy and safety.

Prof. Alfred Hero, Professor at University of Michigan. He is the Jamison and Betty Williams Professor of Engineering at the University of Michigan and co-Director of the Michigan Institute for Data Science (MIDAS) . At the University of Michigan his primary appointment is in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) and he has secondary appointments in the Department of Biomedical Engineering and the Department of Statistics. He is also affiliated with the UM Center for Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics (CCMB), and the UM Graduate Program in Applied and Interdisciplinary Mathematics (AIM).

Prof. Robert F. Shepherd, Assistant Professor at Cornell University. He is a materials scientist and a pioneer in the field of soft-robotics.

Prof. Ozge Akbulut, Assistant Professor at Sabanci University. Her research interests include: nanotechnology, rare cell enrichment, and the development of novel composite materials.

Prof. Ludovico Cademartiri, Assistant Professor at Iowa State university. His group's research interests include: materials-by-design, plant development in engineered environments, and chemical communication in plants.

Industrial Collaborators

Shadow Robot Company
Miramodus Models.


Dr Tom Barraclough, Postdoctoral Research Fellow 2014-2016


MEng, Mechanical Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, 2005-2009
PhD, Mechanical Engineering, The University of Edinburgh, 2009-2014
EPSRC Doctoral Prize Fellowship, 2014

Ying Xing, BEng(hons) 2015-16


Raphael Hu, MSc Electronics, 2015-16


Sun Chao, MSc Electronics, 2015-16


Adam Erskine, PhD Candidate, 2012-2016


Principal Supervisor - Dr Michael Hermann
My main interest is in the behaviours of swarms: both real ones and abstract models. What does heterogenity to the mix? What can such sets of complex interactions be used to model? Currently I am looking at novel swarm chemistry behaviours and metaheuristic algorithms using swarm interactions.
E-mail: A.Erskine (at)

Constantine Talalaev, FabLab Manager 2015-2016


Costa is the business and technical services manager of The University of Edinburgh FabLab. Costa has worked as embedded, electronics and software engineer for the last 8 years, working with companies such as New York Stock Exchange, Randox Laboratories Limited and Queens University Belfast. Costa has experience working with CNC, Robotics, embedded software and Linux as part of his role working with SERC Business Services. His main expertise lies in software development for embedded systems and systems-on-chip, user interfaces and low latency systems. Costa has two masters degrees in Physics and Electrical and Electronic Engineering and specialises in embedded systems and Software development.

Pavel Mihaylov, MEng Electronics and Electrical Engineering 2009-2014


Education: Master of Engineering with Honours Electronics and Electrical Engineering (Communications), 2010-Present
Main interests: Analogue electronics, Soft robotics, Prototyping, Enterpreneurship
Other interests: Launched a successful Kickstarter campaign

Xu Cheng, BEng Electronics and Electrical Engineering 2011-2015


Fredrik Lund, BEng Electronics and Electrical Engineering 2011-2015


Abeer Hdadai, MSc Bioelectronics and Biosensors 2014-2015


Yuyang Zhou, MSc Bioelectronics and Biosensors 2014-2015


Tasos Viliouras, MSc Bioelectronics and Biosensors 2014-2015


BSc in Physics (Hons) with Specialisation field in “Electronics and Communications” - Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece)

MSc in Bioelectronics and Biosensors - University of Edinburgh

Main Interests: Control and implementation of touch in Artificial Robotic/Prosthetic Limbs

Xiufeng Guo, MSc Electronics 2014-2015


Lijun Teng, MSc Electronics 2014-2015


Ran (Raymond) Guan, BEng (hons) Computer Science and Electronics 2012-2014


Guo (Chanel) Lee, BEng (hons) Electronics and Electrical Engineering 2012-2014


Guopeng Zhou, MSc Electronics 2012-2013


Guangzhi He, MSc Electronics 2012-2013


Zhiping Pan, MSc Electronics 2012-2013


Siyuan MA, MSc Electronics 2012-2013


Eleni Galanopoulos, MSc Bioelectronics 2012-2013


Tong Zahn, BEng(hons) Electronics and Electrical Engineering 2009-2013


Xiaofeng Yan, BEng(hons) Electronics and Electrical Engineering 2009-2013


Ke Lu, MSc Electronics 2013-2014


BEng (Hons), Electronic Engineering, IT-Tallaght & Nanjing University of Technology, 2009-2013
MSc, Electronics,the University of Edinburgh, 2013-2014

Ziya Isiksacan, MSc Biolectronics and Biosensors 2013-2014


BSc, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Koc University, Turkey, 2007-2012
Graduate Researcher, Optical Microsystems Laboratory, Koc University, Turkey, 2012-2013
MSc, Bioelectronics and Biosensors, The University of Edinburgh, UK, 2013-2014